Windows 7 is the most powerful and best operating system Microsoft implemented so far, but with a light touch of customization is possible to free resources and accelerate our PC
Windows 7 is the most powerful and best operating system Microsoft implemented so far, but with a light touch of advanced customization is possible to free up resources and speed up your computer a considerable way.
When we turn on the PC for the first time or just install the operating system, everything is very fluid. But with the passage of time and everyday use, the installation is degraded significantly and lose much of the performance we enjoyed at the beginning.
The Windows Registry, the processes running in the background and the services that are loaded by default on every startup, among other components, are some of the sections that we can “touch” to easily optimize our operating system. This will get both a beginning and an off faster as increased stability in normal operation.
In addition, using a USB key to manage virtual memory or making the most of the most powerful to optimize the paging file settings, we can go further. And of course, in the case of older machines, it is also easy to load release components by adjusting visual effects, eliminating sources that do not normally use or stopping the indexing service.
Keep the Register under control
1. Eliminate unnecessary keys
Every time we installed or uninstalled a program, the Windows registry adds information that eventually can cause inconsistencies that end up going to the detriment of stability and fluidity of the system. Without going any further, although we have removed a program from your computer, this may have left a trail with usage preferences or other technical parameters.
One of the most comfortable and effective option is to use external software optimization and defragmentation the registry, as TuneUp Utilities (www.tuneup.es) or CCleaner (www.piriform.com/ccleaner), but with some advanced knowledge can do also manually.
To do this in the search box on the Start menu and launch the regedit command will open the Windows Registry. Like any operation of this kind can be really delicate if you do not know what we do, the first step is to make a copy of the Register, entering File / Export and indicating a name for the backup to generate. In Scan interval we mark all and we can save. To restore, simply double click on the .reg file we get.
Now that we have everything safe, let’s review what’s in each branch. The first, HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT contains all files associations established (for example, a .doc document opens with Word), but really all we see are shortcuts to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINES \ Software \ Classes route. Precisely in HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software is where applications create their entries, so if we find any of any software we’ve already uninstalled, we can delete it without problems.
We see the information in HKEY_CURRENT_USER system configuration and user software with which we have signed, which modify only affect us. From here, we can customize what is shown in the Control Panel, the installation directories, network settings, etc.
Meanwhile, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE focuses on what affects the hardware and the controlling PC while HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG is a dynamic branch, which are created entries on the fly, depending on the applications you’re currently running services Windows that are in use.
2. Accelerates PC boot time
To gain valuable seconds every time we turn on our computer we have several options. The first is available from the Register within the category HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ Software \ Microsoft. From there we can see all the services that start automatically soon after starting the operating system. Clicking the right mouse button, we will remove those who do not want to keep.
The other is more secure and intuitive, and is accessed from the msconfig utility (can search and run it from the Start menu). Once the main window of this utility is open, on the Home tab Windows list is displayed with all applications that run at system startup, and simply by checking or unchecking that interest us will complete the operation (fully reversible, other part).
Finally, we can also download a free utility, AutoRuns for Windows, from the website of Microsoft itself, more complete than msconfig and options that go beyond the startup programs, covering other components.
3. All for one off faster
In addition to accelerating the start, in our hands is the possibility of making the system shutdown is faster. Specifically, when we will close Windows a signal to all processes and applications running is sent to stop, and as a preventive measure there is a set time in which the system waits for the response (in fact, if not It establishes such communication is annoying warning when the force close or keep waiting) appears.
Since the registry we can change this period of time and indicate that, in case of delay, are all automatically stop and shut down or reboot the system, but run the risk of losing information if you have not kept the documents that we had open. Specifically, we will create in the branch HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Control Panel \ Desktop type input value chain (from the bar Edit / New menu) with the name WaitToKillAppTimeout. Right click on it and, in Value data, enter an amount in milliseconds, so if, for example, only want to wait a maximum of 5 seconds write 5,000.
Releases all possible resources PC
4. Manage your paging file
Windows virtual memory is used to store data temporarily programs and processes that are in use and requiring additional space in main memory. To manage it, a paging file on the hard disk is created, so that access ends up being somewhat slower (unless we have a solid state disk SSD). With the current settings, where it is common to have more than 4 Gbytes of memory, we can make all these data are always directly run on it and gain some performance.
To change this parameter we go to the registry and look for the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \ CurrentControlSet \ Control \ Session Manager \ Memory Management entry. There, we double click on DisablePagingExecutive and change the Value data from 0 to 1. After restarting the system, the changes will be implemented and will have optimized the paging file.
5. Turn off background processes
When our team is running, many processes run in the background. Some are specific to the operating system and others depend on the programs you have open at that time, but it can also be the case that, once closed, leave some operational trail.
Pressing the key combination Ctrl + Alt + Delete will access the Task Manager, and in processes, we can see them all and the amount of RAM and CPU usage. If anyone has become unstable (we’ll know by overuse of resources) you can close it by clicking End Process. However, maybe if there were any errors, Windows is unable to stop them.